CPT: Reference Documents
Convention and Rules of Procedure
The Convention provides for the setting up of an international committee empowered to visit all places where persons are deprived of their liberty by a public authority. The committee, composed of independent experts, may make recommendations and suggest improvements in order to strengthen, if necessary, the protection of persons visited from torture and from inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
This preventive, non-judicial machinery is an important addition to the system of protection already existing under the European Convention on Human Rights.
The Rules of Procedure are provided for in Article 6 of the Convention.
- Historical background and main features of the Convention
- Some issues concerning the interpretation of the Convention
- Text of Protocol No. 1
The first Protocol "opens" the Convention by providing that the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe may invite any non-member State to accede to it.
- Signatures and Ratifications of Protocol No. 1
- Text of Protocol No. 2
The second Protocol introduces amendments of a technical nature. Provision is made for members of the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) to be placed in one of two groups for election purposes, the aim being to ensure that one half of the Committee's membership is renewed every two years. The Protocol also provides that members of the CPT may be re-elected twice, instead of only once as at present.
- Signatures and Ratifications of Protocol No. 2These Protocols entered into force on 1 March 2002.
See Press Release (8 November 2001):
European Convention for the Prevention of Torture opened to non-member States of the Council of Europe